City Of Los Angeles Development Agreement
As I wrote in a previous article titled “The Fall of Planning Expertise,” post-war Planning in America faced self-inflicted problems, such as. B programmes such as urban renewal, which have destroyed entire neighbourhoods in the name of economic development. The public began to lose confidence in the experts and began to demand more participation in the planning process. Public hearings, which now dominate the planning process, are the most visible in this new public participation. As Professor Selmi writes, perhaps the greatest influence of public opinion on planning for this period was the lobbying of Länder governments to pass new laws that created numerous and often contradictory land use targets. In the 1980s, cities took advantage of their expanded authority to increase fees for other services such as schools, libraries, parks, transits, social services, etc., with developers having to assume responsibilities that traditionally fell under the city`s authority. The result was a financial incentive for cities to build. For example, consistency with mastery plans, land preservation, transport management, as well as accessibility and housing construction objectives are now needed. When it comes to urban renewal, cities now need to measure the impact that projects could have on the poor – Title VI is an obvious example.