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Us Taliban Peace Agreement Wikipedia

The U.S. plan to start peace talks with the Taliban led to the suspension of bilateral security talks between the United States and Afghanistan on June 13, 2013. [88] “At a special meeting chaired by President Hamid Karzai, the president decided to suspend talks on a security pact with the United States because of their incoherent statements and actions regarding the peace process,” spokesman Aimal Faizi told Reuters news agency. [90] On June 19, 2013, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry telephoned Karzai to discuss the explosion, Afghan and U.S. officials said, part of the latest round of crisis diplomacy between Washington and the Afghan trade leader. [89] Negotiations on the Bilateral Security Agreement (BSA) began in early 2013 and, if concluded, will determine the form of the U.S. military presence in Afghanistan for years to come. [90] Security talks between the United States and Afghanistan would maintain a limited number of military instructors and counter-terrorism forces in the country.

The talks were complicated by several disagreements, including on the immunity that U.S. troops would enjoy under Afghan law. [89] In an interview with reporters a few days before the suspension, the commander of the U.S.-led coalition, General Joseph Dunford, told the commander of the U.S.-led coalition: “The bilateral security agreement is crucial for any presence after 2014. So we have to take it seriously on both sides. [89] It was unclear how long Karzai would withdraw from security talks with the United States to arrange for a small U.S. presence in the country after the withdrawal of the last NATO troops in 2014. [91] Karzai stated that negotiations would only resume when the Taliban met directly with representatives of the Afghan government, essentially linked security negotiations to a stalled peace process and accused the United States of persuading the Taliban to hold talks with the Afghan government. [92] On 29 February 2020, the United States and the Taliban signed a peace agreement in Doha, Qatar, officially titled the “Afghanistan Peace Agreement”. [95] The provisions of the agreement include the withdrawal of all U.S. and NATO troops from Afghanistan, a Taliban promise to prevent Al Qaeda from operating in as-controlled areas and talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government. [96] The United States has agreed to reduce its initial level from 13,000 to 8,600 by July 2020, followed by a total withdrawal within 14 months if the Taliban meet their commitments.

[7] The United States also committed to closing five military bases within 135 days[97] and announced its intention to end economic sanctions against the Taliban by August 27, 2020. [98] In the Doha dialogue, Taliban leaders promised that if their conditions were met, they would respect women`s rights and ensure modern education for all, including girls. [Citation required] They also stressed the importance of economic development in cooperation with neighbouring countries. However, the Taliban have expressed reluctance to comply with the Afghan constitution or to accept the name “Islamic Republic of Afghanistan”. [32] The group continues to call itself the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. [35] They were not binding on the issue of democratic elections, even though they seemed open to “power-sharing agreements” between the Taliban and the Afghan government. [32] [doubtful] In 2017, the United States argued that the Taliban office in Qatar had done nothing to promote peace in Afghanistan and called on Qatar to close it. [36] But in February 2020, Qatar reached a peace agreement between the United States and the Taliban.

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